Bir Hospital is the oldest hospital of Nepal. This hospital was established in 1947 BS, under the name of contemporary Prime Minister Bir Shamsher Jung Bahadur Rana. Initially it was a seven bed hospital with 5 staffs. Today it has a proud history of 125 years and the first hospital of Nepal wherethe practice of modern medicinecommenced.Till eighties services including gynaecology, paediatrics and psychiatry were available in this very hospital. With the evolvement of super specialtyand increasing workload in the limited premises these services were shifted to Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah Maternity hospital Thapathali, Kanti Bal hospital Maharajgunja and Patan mental hospital Lalitpur respectively.
This is a historical hospital as every modern medical service in the country has roots in this hospital. This is the first hospital where neurosurgery was started in the times when CTscan was not around. In the field of modern cardiology Nepal’s first case of angiography, cathlab and valve replacement were all done at Bir Hospital. Every senior doctor who was a pioneer in the field of modern medicine in Nepal like Dr. Mrigendra Raj Pandey, Dr. Anjani Kumar Sharma, Dr. Dinesh Nath Gongal, Dr. Shabitri Gurung, Dr. Dibyashree Malla, Dr Sudip Kumar Bhattacharya, Dr. Mohin Shah, Dr. Puskar Satyal, Dr. Ishor Lal Acharya, Dr. Dhrub Lal Singh, Dr. Dambar Bahadur Karki, Dr. Sachche Kumar Pahadi, Dr. Dharma Sharan Manadhar, Dr. Ram Prasad Pokharel, Dr. Yanta Mani Pradhan, Dr Ram Bhadra Adiga, Dr. LN Prasad, Dr. JP Rijal, Dr. Jwala Raj Pandey, Dr. Basant Lal Shrestha, Dr. Gopal Achary, Dr. Hemanga Dixit, Dr. Shankar Bahadur Shrestha, Dr. NB Amatya, Dr. Laxman Paudel hadstarted their careers in this hospital. These pioneers are the heroes and the legends of modern medicine in Nepal. Bir hospital is the central hospital where services were provided the royal family members in past.